Types of scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that you are born with. This type of scoliosis happens because the spine does not develop fully in the womb.

Early onset scoliosis

Early onset scoliosis is when a curve appears between birth and age 10, or before puberty. Usually, early onset scoliosis is idiopathic. This means that there is no known cause.

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a change in the shape of the spine when a child is growing. It results in the spine curving sideways and twisting at the same time.

Neuromuscular scoliosis

Neuromuscular scoliosis is a curvature of the spine caused by a neurological or muscular condition.

Scheuermann's kyphosis

Scheuermann's kyphosis is a condition in which the front sections of the vertebrae (small bones that make up the spine) grow more slowly than the back sections during childhood.

Syndromic scoliosis

Syndromic scoliosis means that a sideways curve of the spine develops as part of a syndrome. A syndrome is a condition that is made up of lots of symptoms (signs) that appear together.

Degenerative scoliosis

Degenerative scoliosis occurs in adults for two main reasons. Degenerative scoliosis of both kinds can happen because the bones get weaker as we age.